Hypnodendraceae

This family contains many of the "umbrella" mosses which are often observed in the bush. They often form attractive clumps which catch the eye

Hypnodendronarcuatum160a

Hypnodendron arcuatum

This one is often found in large groupings on banks and small stumps. It not very "umbrella-like" but is still recognisable as belonging to this group.

Hypnodendronarcuatum0475a
Hypnodendronarcuatum2

The seta (stalk holding the capsule) is arched, as shown in this image.

Hypnodendroncolensoi0726a

Hypnodendron colensoi

This species has a more distinct umbrella look than the previous one.

It can form large attractive patches on banks alongside tracks.

It also has a short stem covered in tomentum (a thick covering of rhizoids).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

It can be difficult to separate from some of the other umbrella mosses, but if you have access to a microscope, it is easy to see square crystals in the leaf nerve - a distinguishing feature for this species.

Hypnodendroncolensoi0990a
Hypnodendroncolensoi6
Hypnodendroncomatum164a

Hypnodendron comatum

This species is larger than the other ones shown on this page. It has a fluffy look to it.

It has clusters of sporophytes as shown in this photo.

Hypnodendroncomatum0434a
Hypnodendronmenzeii163a

Hypnodendron menziesii

This one looks very similar to H. colensoi - I find them difficult to tell apart. However this one has a smooth stem, and no square crystals in the base of the nerve of the leaves.

Braithwaiteasulcata0668a

Braithwaitea sulcata

This species doesn't have the umbrella form of other members of this family.

It is an epiphytic moss.

It is toothed on the back of the nerve.

Braithwaiteasulcata1887a

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