Dicranaceae
Campylopus clavatus

Very common throughout New Zealand. Grows on clay banks alongside tracks.

These long spikey things are called "brood bodies". It is a specialised vegetative reproductive structure.
Campylopus introflexus

I found this one growing on the side of a bulldozer track leading to the bush.

It is recognisable by the fine hair-like tips of the leaves being reflexed, usually quite noticeable against the darker older parts of the plant.

Campylopus pyriformis

Found on soil and old stumps.


Dicranoloma billardierei

Found on logs, bases of trees, and rocks; very common.

Dicranoloma menziesii

Easily recogniseable with the leaves looking like green wispy hairs. Found on all parts of trees as well as on rocks.

Leucobryum candidum

Very common throughout New Zealand. Grows on stumps, old logs, tree bases, banks - forms big clumps which look like cushions. During dry periods the plants can appear to be quite a pale, almost white, colour.

The tips of the capsules are reddish orange. The stem (seta) is twisted, and if you have a magnifying lens, you can watch the capsule being turned around as the stem dries out.
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