Family: Pallaviciniaceae

Members of this family are quite common on banks in alongside damp shady parts of tracks.

Pallavicinia xiphoides

In this image the Pallavicinia is the one with the strap-like leaves. You would need a hand lens to see the toothed leaf edge.

It is found growing on soil and banks in damp shady areas.

The two upright structures are developing sporophytes, enclosed in a clear gelatinous substance.

Symphyogyna hymenophyllum

Found on shady damp banks. The frond divides into two and then two again to give a fan-shape to the thallus. This is a female plant with archegonia covered by a scale-like structure in the forks of the mid rib.

This species could be mistaken for Hymenophyton flabellatum. Note the toothed leaf margins on this one.

This image shows the sporophyte developing from the archegonia.

Symphogyna tenuinervis

This species forms mats on damp shady banks.

This is a female plant with two archgonia along the midrib.

liverwort index